Flip it and Reverse it: Hip-Hop Worldwide

Hip Hop Music from the French West Indies: The Guadeloupean Clan 

Hip hop culture took root on the Caribbean island of Guadeloupe in the 1980s, a former French colony where a sugar plantation economy based on slave labor was established during the 18th century Atlantic slave trade. Slavery ended in 1848 and gave ground to a complex colonial society based on a class-color hierarchy.

Review | 24 Bars to Kill: Hip Hop, Aspiration, and Japan’s Social Margins

24 Bars to Kill: Hip Hop, Aspiration, and Japan’s Social Margins. By Andrew B. Armstrong. New York: Berghahn Books, 2019. 193pp. ISBN: 9781789202670

Reviewed by Anthony Bak Buccitelli

 

 

 

 

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